Pennard Cliffs and Burrows

By ceridwen, CC BY-SA 2.0,

Characteristics of Pennard Cliffs and Burrows


Pennard Cliffs are a rugged and wildly beautiful stretch of coast on South Gower. The much photographed Three Cliffs Bay is at one end and the equally picturesque Pwll Du Bay is at the other, approximately four miles apart.

Pennard Burrows are situated behind the cliffs, upon which lies Pennard Golf Course. On a clear day there are fantastic views across to the North Devon Coast and along the South Gower coast.


The cliff faces are of particular importance for wildlife such as rare alpine plants, including yellow whitlow grass (the county flower of Swansea).

Nesting birds including ravens and chough can also be found there.

Management and Commons use

Pennard Cliffs are predominantly owned by the National Trust. They are common land, which means that commoners (local farmers in the main) have the right to graze their livestock here.

History and Archaeology

Pennard Castle sits on the edge of the golf course and was built between the 12th and 14th centuries, probably by Henry de Beaumont, the first Earl of Warwick.

Other historic features on the cliffs include the remains of High Pennard Camp. This was an Iron Age coastal fort, one of many along the Gower coast. The only visible remains are the low mounds and ditches in the ground which once formed the basis of the fort’s defences.

Image of Pennard Castle by ceridwen, CC BY-SA 2.0


Common land
Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
Scheduled Monuments (SMs): Pennard Castle and Church (AM008), High Pennard Camp (AM009)
Within Gower Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)
Within West Gower landscape which is included in the Register of Landscapes of Outstanding Historic Interest in Wales (CCW/CADW: Welsh Historic Monuments/ICOMOS UK 1998, 53-56)