Cefn Bryn

Cefn Bryn by M Hatton

Characteristics of Cefn Bryn


Cefn Bryn is a five mile long ridge of common land, known locally as the backbone of Gower. Its beautiful views are some of the key attractions of this area.


Centuries of management by commoners have created a rich mosaic of habitats and associated wildlife in the Cefn Bryn area.

There are many protected and rare species on the common such as the marsh fritillary butterfly, the skylark and the brown hare.

Management and Commons use

Commoners’ livestock including sheep, cattle and ponies graze Cefn Bryn and are often seen wandering the road that crosses it. The livestock is an essential part of the management of this land, which is of international importance for nature conservation.

Broad Pool, managed by the Wildlife Trust of South and West Wales, is adjacent to the road which dissects the Bryn. The National Trust owns a small area of the common by Penmaen.

History and Archaeology

One of the main attractions of the Bryn is a large Neolithic monument called Arthur’s Stone, which lies not far from the summit of the ridge.

There are also three Bronze Age burial cairns northwest of Arthur’s Stone.

Photo by Matthew Hatton under CC BY-SA 2.0


Common land
Open access land
Special Area of Conservation (SAC)
Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
Site of Importance for Nature Conservation (SINC)
Scheduled Monuments (SMs): Arthur’s Stone, Pen y crug Round Barrow, Round Cairn west of Arthur’s Stone
Within Gower Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)
Within West Gower landscape which is included in the Register of Landscapes of Outstanding Historic Interest in Wales (CCW/CADW: Welsh Historic Monuments/ICOMOS UK 1998, 53-56)